Oral and maxillofacial surgery units can provide oral surgery. These units deal with problems that affect the jaw and face. Oral-Maxillofacial Surgeons are experts in difficulties involving the mouth as well as maxillofacial issues involving the jaw and face. A dual qualification in dentistry and medicine is required for such a specialist, as an Oral-Maxillofacial Surgeon must be able to treat diseases that necessitate knowledge and experience in both fields. These illnesses include, but are not limited to, salivary gland diseases, head and neck malignancies, and difficulties affecting the oral mucosa, such as infections and ulcers. To become a sub-specialist in the broader profession, some Oral-Maxillofacial Surgeons choose to focus on one of these areas. Depending on the nature of your referral and the institution you are visiting, you may be seen by an Oral Surgeon or an Oral Maxillofacial Surgeon.
Oral surgery in a dental office is fairly routine and just requires a local anesthetic. Many people are unaware that having a tooth pulled is considered oral surgery. There’s no reason to be alarmed or concerned by the word.
Types of treatment
Other services that an oral surgeon may provide are listed below, and your dentist can advise, inform, and refer you if any operation is judged required.
While many teenagers and adults have their wisdom teeth out, there are additional reasons why adult tooth extraction may be required.
A dental extraction may be required due to severe tooth decay, infection, or crowding.
When getting braces, one or two teeth may need to be removed to provide room for the other teeth as they shift into place.
Additionally, patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or are preparing to undergo an organ transplant may require the removal of compromised teeth in order to maintain their oral health.
Tooth extraction is a reasonably rapid outpatient surgery that can be done under local, general, intravenous, or a combination of anesthetic by a dentist or oral surgeon. Extraction of visible teeth is a simple procedure. Teeth that are broken, below the surface, or impacted require a more involved procedure.
Your dentist will take an X-ray of your tooth before scheduling the treatment. Make sure your dentist is aware of any medications you’re taking, including vitamins, supplements, and over-the-counter medications.
If you’re going to be treated for another medical problem with an injectable medicine called a bisphosphonate, let your dentist know. If this is the case, the extraction should take place prior to the pharmacological treatment.
Also, tell your dentist about any of the following conditions:
It’s helpful to keep the following in mind for the day of the tooth extraction in order to ensure quality treatment:
Your tooth extraction will either be simple or surgical, depending on whether your tooth is visible or impacted.
You’ll be given a local anesthetic, which numbs the region around your teeth so that all you feel during the treatment is pressure rather than pain. The dentist then uses an elevator to loosen the tooth before removing it with forceps.
You’ll probably have both local and intravenous anesthetic, the latter of which will make you feel peaceful and comfortable. Depending on your medical history, you may also be given general anesthesia. You will be completely unconscious during the surgery if you have general anesthesia.
A small incision will be made into your gum by your general dentist or oral surgeon. Before your tooth can be retrieved, they may need to remove bone around it or cut it.