Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment is one type of endodontic treatment. Understanding the anatomy of the tooth helps understand the endodontic treatment. A soft tissue called the pulp is found inside the tooth, beneath the white enamel, and a hard layer called the dentin. During tooth formation, the pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue and forms the tooth’s surrounding hard tissues. From the crown of the tooth to the tip of the roots, the pulp links to the tissues that surround the root. The pulp plays a crucial role in the growth and development of a tooth. However, after a tooth has reached full maturity, it can survive without the pulp since it is still supplied by the tissues that surround it.

When the pulp, the soft tissue inside the root canal, becomes irritated or infected, endodontic therapy is required. Deep decay, repeated dental operations on the tooth, or a crack or chip in the tooth are all possible causes of inflammation or infection. Furthermore, even if a tooth has no obvious chips or breaks, an injury to the tooth might induce pulp damage. If pulp inflammation or infection is not addressed, it might result in pain or an abscess.

There are a few signs that you may require a root canal:

  • When eating or biting, there is a lot of pain.
  • Gums with pimples
  • A tooth that has been chipped or cracked.
  • Even after the sensation has been eliminated, there is lingering sensitivity to warmth or cold.
  • Gums that are swollen or painful
  • Gum disease or decay is characterized by a yellowing of the gums.

The inflamed or infected pulp is removed by the endodontist, who then meticulously cleans and forms the inside of the root canal before filling and sealing the gap. Following that, you’ll visit your dentist, who will install a crown or other treatment on the tooth to safeguard it and restore its function. The tooth continues to operate normally after it has been restored.

Endodontic therapy usually takes one or two sessions and consists of the following steps:

The endodontist examines the tooth and uses x-rays to take a radiograph before administering local anesthesia. After numbing the tooth, the endodontist applies a tiny protective sheet over the area called a “dental dam” to isolate the tooth and keep it clean and free of saliva during the treatment.

The endodontist drills a hole in the tooth’s crown. Cleaning the pulp from the pulp chamber and root canals, as well as shaping the area for filling, is done with very small devices.

After cleaning and shaping the area, the endodontist fills the root canals with a biocompatible material, commonly gutta-percha, a rubber-like polymer. To guarantee that the root canals are completely sealed, gutta-percha is applied with adhesive cement. Most of the time, a temporary filler is used to close the gap. Your dentist will remove the temporary filling before the tooth is repaired.

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